The Bakhtiari are a Kurdish tribe who live partly as nomads, and who dwell in an area stretching from Isfahan to south of Malayer. The tribe is as colorful as the carpets it manufactures. These are of rustic type, and good value for money. They are extremely hard – wearing, the wool and lively dyes are excellent. The strong warp and – usually blue – weft threads give these carpets weight, they lie firmly on the floor. The best carpets are made by those of the tribe living in Chahar Mahal, near Isfahan. Since they are sold in the bazaars of Isfahan, they are known also as Isfahan – Bakhtiari. With more organized working conditions and access to large looms, they have begun to make also larger carpets, up to 13ft * 10ft. The nomad carpets keep to the usual dozar sizes : c. 6ft 6in * 4ft 3in.
Those who are permanently settled display a greater variety of pattern, since – wittingly or unwittingly – they are greatly influenced by nearby Isfahan. Otherwise, what we mean by a “typical” Bakhtiari is a “garden carpet” with cypresses and peacocks in its panels. Another version is made up of pointed ellipses enclosed by non-parallel waves, with different patterns in each ellipse. Purely illustrative carpets are extremely rare. This is not a bad thing, since the figures would seem clumsy owing to the heavy yarn employed. The nomad Bakhtiari call their best carpets ” Bibibaff” , which means that they are made by the old ladies, their most experienced weavers. The warp and weft threads are cotton. The majority of the numerous dyes used are of vegetable origin. Persian knots.
The quality grading’s are as follow :
No. of knots per inch
length breadth No. of knots per sq in
A 13 12 156
B 10 10 100
C 9 8 72